MEDIX, God. 16 Br. 89/90  •  Autorski pregled  •  Oftalmologija HR ENG

Mikroklima u putničkim zrakoplovima - utjecaj relativne vlažnosti zraka na udobnost i zdravlje putnikaMicroclimate in passenger aircrafts – influence of relative air humidity on comfort and health of passengers

Igor Petriček, Goranka Petriček, Nataša Đapić, Edita Paić, Elma Sontacchi, Iris Urlić, Romano Vrabec

Desetine tisuća putnika u svakome trenutku leti zrakoplovima, a da nije svjesno da se time izlaže naglašeno nefiziološkoj mikroklimi. Posebno se to odnosi na ekstremno suh zrak u putničkoj kabini. Negativni učinci takve sredine na zdravlje – osobito na oči i dišni sustav – nedvojbeno su dokazani. Pored toga, navedeni uvjeti umanjuju komfor putnika. To se još više odnosi na kabinsko osoblje kojem je takva klima radno mjesto. Stoga bi bilo uputno da zračni prijevoznici putnicima sa suhim okom, nositeljima kontaktnih leća i osobama s akutnim i kroničnim respiratornim tegobama obrate pozornost da dulji letovi mogu negativno utjecati na njihovo zdravlje, te da su preporučljive preventivne mjere u cilju smanjenja tegoba (umjetne suze, nenošenje kontaktnih leća tijekom leta i sl.). Također bi bilo opravdano razmotriti proglašavanje navedenih tegoba profesionalnom bolešću kabinskog osoblja. 

Ključne riječi:
sindrom bolesne zgrade; sindromi suhog oka; vlažnost; zrakoplov; zrakoplovna medicina

Članak u cijelosti pročitajte u tiskanom izdanju MEDIX, God. 16 Br. 89/90

Tens of thousands of passengers fly in airplanes every day, without being aware that they are thus being exposed to a pronouncedly non-physiological microclimate. It especially refers to extremely dry air in passenger cabin. There is clear evidence that such environment has negative effects, especially on the eyes and respiratory system, influencing passenger comfort and adversely affecting their health. This is particularly important for aircraft cabin crew, who spend many hours in such environment. Therefore, air carriers should be advised to warn their passengers suffering from dry eye syndrome, wearing contact lens or suffering from acute or chronic respiratory conditions about the possibility of adverse affects that longer flights may have on their health, and that preventive measures against such adverse effects should be used (such as artificial tears, removal of contact lenses during flight, etc.). Also, it would be justified to consider including these medical conditions on the list of occupational diseases of flight crews. 

Key words:
aerospace medicine; aircraft; dry eye syndromes; humidity; sick building syndrome