MEDIX, God. 14 Br. 75/76  •  Pregledni članak  •  Stomatologija u 21. stoljeću HR ENG

Istraživanje oralnog zdravlja starijih osoba u gradu Zagrebu – preliminarni rezultati IInvestigation of elderly oral health in the city of Zagreb - prelimina

Adnan Ćatović, Boris Klaić, Dragutin Komar, Ivo Baučić, Dubravka Ograjšek-Škunca, Marinka Mravak-Stipetić, Lana Bergman-Gašparić

U svrhu poduzimanja preventivnih mjera i određivanja opsega potreba za stomatološkim liječenjem osoba starije životne dobi na području Zagreba organizirani su tijekom 2007. godine klinički pregledi osoba starije dobi i skupljanje podataka o njihovom oralnom statusu. Podaci za dijelove preliminarnog istraživanja koji se odnose na gubitak zuba, stanje parodonta i oralne bolesti prikupljeni su od pacijenata starije dobi iz baze podataka Stomatološke poliklinike Zagreb. Preliminarna studija obuhvatila je 171 funkcijski neovisnu stariju osobu oba spola (126 žena i 45 muškaraca) na području Zagreba. Oralne bolesti nađene su u 117 pacijenata (68,5%), a najčešće dijagnosticirane su stomatopiroza i kserostomija. Podaci preliminarnih istraživanja gubitka zuba, stanja parodonta i oralne sluznice ukazuju na potrebu za poboljšanjem preventivne njege oralnog zdravlja u osoba starije dobi na području Zagreba organiziranjem češćih kontrolnih pregleda

Ključne riječi:
oralno zdravlje, starije osobe, epidemiologija

Članak u cijelosti pročitajte u tiskanom izdanju MEDIX, God. 14 Br. 75/76

Average life expectancy significantly increased in almost all world countries. In the Republic of Croatia the number of elderly is increasing, and it is important to anticipate their needs within the limits of the public health service. The preliminary study comprised 171 functionally independent elderly of both sexes (126 females and 45 males) in the city of Zagreb (Croatia). Examinees were divided into four age groups (65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and over 80 years). The examinees were randomly selected among the elderly patients from the first check ups in Dental Polyclinic Zagreb. Examinations were done by the specially trained dentists. Oral status was determined by dental mirror and periodontal probe. Periodontal health was evaluated by the CPI index (Community Periodontal Index). Changes in the oral cavity and oral diseases were expressed by a code ranging from 0-50 followed by the legend. The aim of the study was to obtain a data on periodontal and oral mucosa conditions, as well as tooth loss for developing a regional oral health program. Among total number of the examinees (171) complete edentulism was found in 25% females and in 4% of males. The highest rate of edentuloussnes (34 %) was in the oldest age group of examinees. Highest number of bleeding sextants (3.3) was in female patients from the age group 65-69. Male examinees from the age group of 65-69 years old, had the highest number of lost sextants (3.0) considering periodontal pockets up to 5 millimeters. Oral diseases were found in 117 subjects (68.5%) and the most frequent diagnoses were stomatopyrosis and xerostomia. Acquired data suggested the need for improvements in preventive care of elderly citizens.

Key words:
oral health, elderly, epidemiology